Part 1 - Language in cultural context
As learning outcomes of this part of the syllabus, you will consider:
- How do audience and purpose affect the structure and content of texts?
- What is the impact of language changes?
- How are language and meaning shaped by culture and context?
History and Evolution of English (disappearing and revival languages, Creoles)
Many of the resources below are from a Diigo list shared by Mark Kilmer
English timeline - shows the history and evolution of English
English: A Shifting Language
20th Century loanwords
Video: Cingular commercial, "BFF Jill"
Five Events that Shaped the History of English
The 21st Century Flux
Website: The Linguistic Society of America
Article: Across Cultures, English is the Word
Article: What Global Language?
"Do You Speak American?" Language as Prestige
Video: War of Words
Video: Standard vs. Non-Standard English
Video: Is Control of English Shifting Away from British and American English?
Video: How is the Internet Changing Language Today?
Video: Stephen Fry Kinetic Typography: Language
35 Modern Words Recently Added to the Dictionary
Video: History of English (Combined)
Language and Knowledge (science and technology, argot and jargon)
Text: "What is Fibromyalgia?" vs. "Successes Fuel Hope for Gene Therapy Resurgence"
Reading: Language and the Law
The Lindy and Michael Chamberlain "Dingo" Trial
"Looking Inside the Jury Room" by Peter McLellan
Language lessons told through Twitter
Chris Jordan's TED talk - Interpreting and presenting data as art
The Story of Stuff - presenting information using animation
Jargon, buzzwords and slang
Language and Power (linguistic imperialism, propaganda)
Thanks to Mark Kilmer for sharing a good deal of the resources below on his Diigo list.
"Politics and the English Language" by George Orwell
extract from 1984 by George Orwell
Toni Morrison's 1993 Nobel Lecture - handout
extract from 1984 by George Orwell
The Fog of War - a documentary by Errol Morris (2003). Read the transcript here and look for Telephone recording #1: February 25, 1964. # 2: March 2, 1964, #3 March 10, 1964, #4 June 9, 1964
Article: ‘Stern Warning to the U.S. Imperialists and Their Lackey’s Schemed Aggression Against Cambodia’, Vietnam Courier
Walter Cronkite broadcast: "Report from Vietnam: Who, What, When, Where, Why?" February 27, 1968. Watch video.
‘Congress Back President on Southeast Asia Moves; Khanh sets State of Siege’ New York Times, 8 July 1964
A Handbook of Rhetorical Devices - online glossary with examples and explanations
"And I Am Very Real" - A blog post describing how Kurt Vonnegut responded to his books being burned in an American high school.
Language: A Key Mechanism of Control
Video: US Steps up Cyber Propaganda War
Video: Educate for Death: Disney WW2 Propaganda Cartoon
Video: Death Panels
Website: Ethos, Logos, Pathos: Three Ways to Persuade
Video: Famous "Daisy" Attack ad from 1964 Presidential Election
Lesson: Using Starbucks to teach Rhetoric, Argument and Image Analysis
Video: Yes, Prime Minister: You Lied
Video: Yes Minister: How's the Environment?
Website: Politics and Language
Video: Mad Graffiti Week Iran
Video: American Campaign Commercials
Political Cartoons from Slate Magazine
Video: Political Marketing
Video: One Minute of Labour
Video: Change We Choose
Cartoon: Cautionary Ghost
Language and the Individual (multilingualism/bilingualism, language profile/ identity)
TIME Magazine article: Black English
UNESCO Atlas of the world's languages in danger
"A Language Without Limits" - article by Deena Kamel
"Language Grows into Strange Shapes When Transplanted into Foreign Soil" by Ben MacIntyre
Song: Soulja Boy, "Turn My Swag On"
Song: Fela Kuti, "Coffin for Head of State"
An extract from Introduction to Discourse Analysis by James Gee
Podcast - Cuddywifters, cack-handers and coochies: a discussion that explores the ever-changing regional contrasts of the English Language.
Regional voices - in the UK
Why Do Some Americanisms Irritate People? (thanks to Mark Kilmer for the link)
Why is official English necessary? (thanks to Mark Kilmer for the link)
National Language (cartoon - thanks for Mark Kilmer for the link)
Language is a Virus by Laurie Anderson
I hate my accent, how do I gradually change it? (thanks to Mark Kilmer for the link)
(HL ONLY) Gender (inequality, constructions of masculinity and femininity)
Liza Donnelly: Drawing on humor for change (TED talk)
Cartoons for Change - handout from InThinking on our private class page.
They’re, Like, Way Ahead of the Linguistic Currrrve - about the way young women use language
Sexuality (its construction through language)
Language and communities (nation/region, subcultures)
Article from the New York Times: "Grunge: a Success Story"
"Do You Speak American?" - a PBS website with rich resources
Translation (what is added and what is lost)
Language and social relations (social and professional status, race)
Language and belief (religious discourse, mythology)
Language and taboo (swearing, political correctness)
Thanks again to Mark Kilmer for sharing many of the resources below on his Diigo list.
Article: The Limits to Freedom of Speech
Article: Manchester United's Wayne Rooney Faces Two-Game Ban for Swearing
Article: Why the &^% Do We Swear? For Pain Relief!
Article: Almost Before We Spoke, We Swore
Obscene, Indecent and Profane Broadcasts
What's Wrong with Swearing?
Can Clean Comedy Be Funny?
Has Swearing Lost Its Power to Outrage?
Video: A Flood Tide of Filth
What is Censorship?
Article: South Africa: Youth Leader Malema Guilty of Hate Speech
Article: Hate Speech: This Debate is Out of Balance
Video: Supreme Court Rules Against Violent Video Game Ban
Video: People Trying to Control the Internet
Article: Political Correctness Continues to Stifle Debate on Multiculturalism
Dambusters dog to be renamed Digger for remake of iconic film... because N-word might offend Americans
Cheney Owns Up to Profanity Incident and Says He 'Felt Better Afterwards'